XU Yingjin | 徐英瑾

Philosophie japonaise | 日本哲学

 

 Résumés | 内容提要

 

 

Jeudi 7 octobre 2021 

Iki and Contingency : A Reconstruction of Shūzō Kuki’s Early Aesthetic theory 

Iki is the key word of Shūzō Kuki’s The Structure of Iki, and it became one of the most widely recognized Japanese aesthetic categories mainly due to this work. However, in The Problems of Contingency, which is Kuki’s most important philosophical work, there is no discussion of iki again, and consequently, most commentators of Kuki fail to see the correlation between his theories of iki and contingency. This lecture, by contrast, intends to provide a new interpretation of iki in the light of Kuki’s theory of contingency. The specific thesis of this lecture is that aesthetic phenomena categorized as subject to the principles of iki are positively evaluated in Japanese culture just because the consciousness of iki is just one form of the consciousness of contingency, in which the awareness of alternatives to the actual situation could produce considerable spiritual entertainment for aesthetic subjects.

2021年10月7日,周四

Iki与权变理论:九鬼周造的早期美学理论重构 

Iki是Shūzō Kuki《Iki的结构》的关键词,它成为日本最广泛认可的美学范畴之一,主要是由于这部作品。然而,在九鬼周造最重要的哲学作品《偶然性问题》中,却没有再讨论 « Iki »,因此,大多数久木的评论家都没有看到他的 « Iki » 和偶然性理论之间的关联。相比之下,本讲座意在根据库奇的或然性理论对 « Iki » 进行新的解释。本讲座的具体论点是,在日本文化中,被归类为受制于 « Iki » 原则的审美现象得到了积极的评价,这只是因为 « Iki » 的意识只是 « 或然性 » 意识的一种形式,在这种意识中,对实际情况的替代方案的认识可以为审美主体产生相当的精神娱乐。