CHEN Liang | 陈靓

Littérature anglophone | 英语语言文学

 

 Résumés | 内容提要

 

Identity Formation in Transcultural Context

 跨文化语境下的身份塑形

Mercredi 5 février 2020, 17h-19h

ENS, 45 rue d’Ulm, 75005 Paris

Salle Cavailles, Couloir A-B, 1ier étage

Tribalism and Cosmopolitanism : Dilemma in Elizabeth Cook-Lynn’s Indigenous Criticism

 

Characterized by the nature of closure in traditional Native American tribalism, the criticism and writings of contemporary Native American literature have entered into a crucial stage of development in the multicultural context. In constructing native intellectualism, Elizabeth Cook-Lynn highlights native tribalism and calls for the cosmopolitanism centered on native ethnicity. This perspective provides her with closer view of traditional native culture. Yet, the over-emphasis on the political function of the writing leads to her ignorance of textualities in the contemporary native writing. Her adherence to traditional native tribalism encounters much inconsistences in the modern multicultural environment and lacks practical strategy in literary writing. Limited by the binary mode of early post-colonialism, her critical strategy is rather trapped in practice. The construction of Native American literary criticism and writings should be shifted to the native features in writing strategies and the construction of native critical theory with distinct native American perspectives.

Key words : Native American, tribalism, cosmopolitianism, Elizabeth Cook-Lynn

 

2020年02月5日,周 三,17点-19点

Cavailles教室 (高师,巴黎第五区,乌尔姆路45号,一楼, A—B走廊)

多元文化语境中的二元困境---评伊丽莎白·库克琳的美国本土裔批评思想

 

美国本土裔文学批评家伊丽莎白·库克琳将民族主义置于现代语境下进行审视,呼吁忠实于本土创作的世界主义。对民族性的重视使得她的视角更为贴近美国传统本土文化的原貌,然而对政治性的过度强调使得她忽视了本土作品的文本性。库克琳的传统主义民族性观念也使得她的思想与多元文化语境有诸多不契合之处,在文本操作层面显得捉襟见肘。在批评方法上受到后殖民主义早期的二元对立模式局限,这使得她的批评思想处于实践的困境之中。

关键词:美国本土裔,民族主义,世界主义,伊丽莎白·库克琳

Mercredi 12 février 2020, 17h-19h

ENS, 45 rue d’Ulm, 75005 Paris

Salle Cavailles, Couloir A-B, 1ier étage

Ethnicity in Transcultural Context : A Spatial Perspective on the Case study of Shadow Tag by Louise Erdrich

 

As one of the important elements of Native American culture, space has been absorbed into the ethnic contruction of contemporary Native American writings. It not only functions as symbols, but also constructs the narrative structure and thematic paragdim. The geological space has become one of the stable constants in the contemporary Native American literature. The reconstruction of self-awareness and identity of contemporary Native American culture based on this space, although interrrupted by various dynamic postmodern variables, can be made possible. As one of the leading figures of contemporary Native American writers, Louise Erdrich has constructed a literary space with peculiar ethnic feature accordingly, which hilights the interactive projection between historicity and textuality and portrays the true existential state of contemporary Native American culture. In the construction of Native American ethnicity, Louise Erdrich has extended its spatial sphere with rich textuality and enhanced its practicality with realistic style.

Key words : ethnicity, Native American, Shadow Tag, space, Louise Erdrich

 

2020年02月12日,周 三,17点-19Cavailles教室 (高师,巴黎第五区,乌尔姆路45号,一楼, A—B走廊)

空间维度下美国本土裔文学的族裔特质和现实主题---以路易斯·厄德里克的《踩影游戏》为例

 

空间作为美国本土裔文化中的一个重要特质,也作为族裔性的一部分被纳入到当代被美国本土作品中。它不仅进入到了作品的象征层面,也构建了作品的叙述框架和主题范式。这个永恒的地域空间已经成为了美国本土裔文学中一个稳定的常量。在它的基础上,当代美国本土裔文化对自我意识和身份的再构建才可以在各种后现代的动态变量的干扰下成为可能。作为当代美国本土裔作家的代表之一,路易斯·厄德里克通过作品成功地构建了一个具有鲜明族裔特色的空间,在文本性和历史性的互相影射中,勾勒出了当代美国本土裔文化生存的真实状态。在族裔性的构建中,她作品语言中动态的文本性赋予了族裔性以更宽阔的空间,其现实主义风格则赋予了族裔性以更强的力度。

关键词:族裔性,美国本土裔,《踩影游戏》, 空间,路易斯·厄德里克

Mercredi 19 février 2020, 17h-19h

ENS, 45 rue d’Ulm, 75005 Paris

Salle Cavailles, Couloir A-B, 1ier étage

Liminality and Transgression : Spatial Analysis of Identity Formation in The Little Mermaid

 

From the perspective of spatial theory, the present paper aims to analyze the construction of self in The Little Mermaid. The three spaces of the sea, land and sky are filled with intersections of liminal spaces and active efforts of transgression, which shapes little mermaid’s self in the dynamic process. The body of the little mermaid, as the center of space power construction, not only reveals the mechanism of power control during spatial transformation, but also highlights her spiritual transcendence during her decoding efforts. In this process, community does not play the decisive role in the shaping of self for the little mermaid, rather, the self is shaped during her confrontation against community from the margin.

Key words : Transgression , Liminality, The Little Mermaid, Hans Christian Andersen

2020年02月19日,周 三,17点-19

Cavailles教室 (高师,巴黎第五区,乌尔姆路45号,一楼, A—B走廊)

阙限与越界:空间视角下《小美人鱼》的身份构建

 

本论文从空间视角分析《小美人鱼》的身份构建。海洋、陆地和天空的三个空间充满了阙限空间与越界的冲突,这也同时是小美人鱼的身份构建的动态进程。小美人鱼的身体作为权力空间的核心,不仅展示了空间转换中的权力控制机制,也强化了她在权力解构努力中的精神超越。在这个过程中,社区并没有在小美人鱼的身份构建中发挥决定作用。她的身份反而是在从边缘位置对社区的反抗中得以成形。

关键词:越界,阙限,《小美人鱼》,安徒生